Famous people

 

Târguşor


Kuthy Sándor

(Konyár, 16th October 1783   Târguşor, 26th May 1851)

Reformed priest and archdeacon

He is the son of the reformed priest Kuthy Sándor and the farther of the writer Kuthy Lajos. He finishes his studies in Debrecen and Göttingen. Beginning with the year 1810 he is priest in Valea lui Mihai and from 1814 in Secueni. From the year 1828 until his death he is priest in Târguşor for 23 years. In 1846 he becomes archdeacon and in 1848 he is a keen supporter of the revolution. There are articles and poems also written by him.

Kuthy Lajos

(Valea lui Mihai, 9th January 1813   Oradea 27th August 1864)

Romantic writer and playwright

He is the son of the reformed priest and archdeacon Kuthy Sándor. He is still born in Valea lui Mihai, but soon after the family moves to Târguşor, where he frequently passes shorter or longer periods of time even as a grown-up. He leaves the third year of the theology in Debrecen for the jurisprudence; he is vice-actuary, later parliamentary apprentice and secretary. He is imprisoned for one year because of his taking part in the youth movements of the university. In 1843 he becomes the personal secretary of the earl Battyányi Lajos, the later martyr prime minister, and he also takes part in the administration of the revolutionary government. After the failure of the war of independence he has to lurk, later he reports himself and gets quarter, moreover he becomes county commissioner and sheriff. His submission to the absolutism spoils his popularity.

His romantic plays, short-stories and crime-fictions have great success in his time. In 1843 he is elected to the members of the Hungarian Scientific Academy ( Magyar Tudományos Akadémia ), and in 1845 to the Kisfaludy-Association.

Csuthy Zsigmond

(Doboz, 1814   Kajdacs, 22nd November 1884)

Reformed priest, school director and political convict

After finishing his judiciary and theological studies in Debrecen, he becomes school-rector in Târguşor near the priest Kuthy Sándor between the years 1838 and 1841, later he is going to be curate in many places. In 1849 he is arrested and court-martialed as the priest of Verőce because of his preach entitled  Declaration of Independence , which is also printed. After one year of prison he is sentenced to death, which is changed to six year of prison in the castle, finally in 1853 he gets free with the amnesty of the martial court. According the absolutist regulations, the priests convicted by the martial court could only serve as chaplains and only near  trustees  under strict control. He becomes the priest of Kajdacs by the end of his life. He writes and publishes the history of the Hungarian protestant church from the peacemaking from Satu Mare until the grace ordinance, 1712   1782 ( Debrecen , 1878).

(Sárospatak, 3 rd March 1844   Budapest, 17th June 1918)

The library keeper of the institute of technology, the professor of the stenography and of the penmanship

After finishing his theological studies in Sárospatak and Debrecen , in 1866 he becomes teacher in Târguşor and later in Felsőbánya. Beginning with the year 1869 he is the librarian of the Institute of Technology of Pest . He has merits on the field of the simplifying, improving and propagation of stenography. The Hungarian calligraphy syllabus for secondary schools is set up after his penmanship model. He is the editor of a large number of periodicals on the field of stenographical and the writer of numerous articles and book about stenography, calligraphy and the history of graphology.

Gyenge Árpád

( Târguşor, 13th December 1925   Budapest, 1st July 1979 )

Jászai-Award holder performer and actor

He finishes school in Oradea and later signs on to provincial theatres. Beginning with the year 1950 he is the member of the Madách Theatre in Budapest until his death. Ha starts to play in movies in the year 1950; he plays in more than 20. Among his movies showed on the screen the most remarkable is the one entitled:  I'll be back in an hour  (original Hungarian title:   Egy óra múlva itt vagyok  ) from the year 1971. In 1968 ha gets the Jászai-Award.

Cheşereu


Dajka János of Cheşereu (Keserűi Dajka János)

( Cheşereu, 1580   Alba Iulia , 18th May 1633)

Reformed bishop, religious writer and song-collector

After finishing his foreign studies and returning home first to Oradea (1611), later he is a priest in Alba Iulia (1615) and the priest of honor and advisor of prince Bethlen Gábor. From 18th November 1618 and until his death he is the bishop of the Reformed Church. He is the enthusiast supporter and patron of the Reformed Church   especially in the plea against the influences of the Unitarian conceptions.

He has a significant part the assemblage of an official songbook, published after his death, called the   Old gradual  , from the year 1636, attached to the name of the bishop Geleji Katona István.

In 1995 there is placed a memorial tablet in honor of the reformed bishop of Che ş ereu in the reformed church within the confines of festive church service. The origin of Dajka János from Cheşereu is confirmed not only by the existence of the prefix added to his name also used by others, but by the fact that the name Dajka is registered in Che ş ereu in the year 1599, respectively the parcel nowadays still called  Dajka-meadow . The daughters of Dajka István born at the beginning of the 20th century were the last who wore the name Dajka in Cheşereu.

Radics Antal

( Cheşereu, 12th November 1726   Cseklész, 15th September 1773 )

Jesuit monk, physicist and university teacher in Nagyszombat

Born in Cheşereu, ha is Jesuit mass-priest and teacher, doctor of arts and later parish-priest. In 1746 he joins the Jesuit Order. First he is going to teach mathematics at the Jesuit University founded by Pázmány Péter in Nagyszombat, philosophy in Buda, and later church- and world-history in Nagyszombat again. In 1769 he is a white clerk: he became the priest in Cseklész. He writes course-books in physics, philosophy and logics. His religious writings are about the order-founding of Loyolai Szent Ignác and the conception of Blessed Virgin Mary.

Ercsei Dániel

( Cheşereu , 1744   Mezőtúr, 5th February 1809)

Reformed priest, dean and school-director

He is the son of the reformed priest from Cheşereu, Ercsei Zsigmond. He finishes his studies at the college from Debrecen and the university from Basel . Beginning with the year 1777 and until his death he is the priest of Mezőtúr; from 1804 he is also the dean of Heves-Nagykunság. Besides his clerkly businesses, he studies the eastern languages, especially the Hebrew. He is the re-founder of the reformed gymnasium and the founder of the library in Mezőtúr. His son Ercsei Dániel jr. (1781 - 1836), philosopher and statistician, is the author of the first Hungarian statistical work (  Statistica I. Magyarország statisztikája   [ Statistic I: the statistic of Hungary   ], Debrecen , 1814). His daughter called Klára is the wife of Budai Ézsaiás, professor and bishop in Debrecen . Júlianna, the grandchild of his brother called Sámuel, the priest of Salonta, is the wife of the poet Arany János. There are 19 reformed priests originating from the Ercsei family.

Csécsi Nagy Imre

( Cheşereu , 28th November 1804   Debrecen, 23 rd July 1847)

Physician, natural philosopher and teacher of the college from Debrecen

He is the son of the reformed priest from Cheşereu, Csécsi Nagy János and the father of Csécsi Nagy Miklós, the priest of Satu Mare and later of Makó. His brother, József is also priest in Cheşereu. He takes the medical degree in 1837 in Wien. Besides his medical praxis in Debrecen , he also studies the natural sciences. In 1839 ha is elected to be the member of the natural science department of the reformed college from Debrecen , where he becomes the mineralogy, biology and chemistry teacher. In 1844 the Hungarian Scientific Academy elects him for correspondence member. He is the author of several biological, geological and medico-geological studies, but he writes a book about   The science of the clear moral   too.

Böszörményi Jenő

( Cheşereu , 23 rd April 1872   Budapest, 8th August 1957)

Mechanical engineer, the designer of the first Hungarian Diesel-engine

His original name is Goldhammer. He finishes his studies on civil engineering in Z ü rich in 1893. First he becomes the expert of the Ganz-works, and later the diesel-expert of the Armory and Machinery-factory. Here he designs and build the first Hungarian Diesel-engine in 1899. As a sign of his reconnaissance, Rudolf Diesel, who two years earlier built the first engine named after him. Beginning from the year 1903 Böszörményi is invited to be the first engineer of the Westinghouse car-factory, and later he is charged with the leading of the branch plant of the factory from Arad , where he also designs gas-electronic propulsion trains. Between 1924 and 1931 he directs the car-fabrication in the General Hungarian Car-Factory ( Magyar Általános Gépgyár ).

(Budapest, 11th December 1907   Cheşereu , 30th March 1983)

Poet, story-writer and political convict

The poems and tales of Számadó Ernő , who from watchmaker's man, grocery-bag boy, scrivener, strolling player and painter becomes a poet, appear in Pest before the war. After the war he takes refuge and finds relief in Cheşereu, and Érmellék and the moorland of Cheşereu serves him as a well of inspiration. In June 1958 he is arrested for   high treason   and   armed conspiracy against the state   together with 73 of his associates, the group from Cheşereu represented by Sass Kálmán. He is condemned to 25 years of prison together with many of his fellows. He gets free in 1963, and he is going to spend the rest of his life in Cheşereu under poorish circumstances. In 1983 he is laid to rest in the reformed graveyard. The elementary school from Cheşereu wears his name since 1997.

Balaskó Vilmos

( Salacea , 19th September 1914   Sighetu Marmaţiei , 20th January 2004)

Reformed priest, political convict and memory writer

After finishing his theological studies in Cluj Napoca, he is curate in Che ş ereu near Orosz Lajos, priest and landowner. He teaches as licensed religion teacher first in Sighetu Marmaţiei, and later in Valea lui Mihai. Beginning with the year 1949 he is priest in Olosig. In 1953 ha also serves in Târguşor. In 1958 he is arrested with the group from Valea lui Mihai too. He is sentenced to death together with Sass Kálmán, but due to the intervention of his brother, the sculptor Balaskó Nándor, he is sentenced first to life imprisonment, and later to 25 years of prison. In 1964 he gets free with amnesty. In his memorials written in 1983   84, published in 2001 under the title  Life under the ground , he writes about his service in Cheşereu, the Sass Kálmán litigation and about his prison experiences.

Cherechiu


(Nyírmeggyes, 12th April 1819   Albis, 1st July 1895)

Reformed priest, militiaman in the 1848-49 war of independence and padre

In 1845 he is teacher in Cherechiu, where he teaches physical exercises and military exercises. In 1848 ha is curate in Tiszafüred. In the war of independence from 1848   49 he takes part as a militiaman, and later as the padre of the first national defending legion. Ha is there at the takeover of Buda-castle. After the war of independence he takes refuge in Marghita, from here in 1854 he gets to Albis as priest. It must be him, who in 1853 and 1855 does funeral services in Târgu ş or as curate. In many of his published articles he remembers the events of the war of independence. His tomb is in the old graveyard of Albis. His wife, Julianna, is the daughter of the priest from Che ş ereu, Csécsi Nagy József.

Koczkás Sándor

(Diosig, 28th January 1926   Cherechiu, 25th March 1991)

Taleteller

The tales told by word of mouth by the taleteller from Cherechiu is recoded, collected and published by Fábián Imre. The first independent edition of his tales, entitled   The beautiful woman   (  Világszép asszony  ) is published in 1984; is published again together with his humorous and piquant tales in the omnibus edition entitled   Original folk-tales from Bihor   (  Eredeti bihari népmesék  ). The third edition including 37 tales appears in 2004 under the title   The tales of Koczkás Sándor   (  Koczkás Sándor meséi  ). His humorous- and fairy-tales, as well as his piquant ones are dedicated to grown-ups. His archaic tales have no positive ending, many times his positive and negative characters change during the tale.

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